PhD student, UPenn


My thoughts and my life.

A virtual conversation between Chinese government and netizens

On March 26, 2014, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

Last week, I briefly introduced some examples of Internet governance and online activism in China in the class "Comparative Digital Politics" at the University of Michigan. I created a virtual conversation between Chinese government and netizens as the conclusion.

Netizens: With the Internet, we can get access to all kinds of information.

Government: Except those I blocked. (see GFW)

Netizens: With the help of anti-GFW tools, we can climb over the wall.

Government:In fact only a small number of netizens would use these tools. Most of you are not interested in exploring the world beyond the Great Fire Wall.

Netizens: Even inside the Wall, there is still far more information than before. You can’t censor them all.

Government: I don’t need to censor them all. I focus on those may lead to collective actions. (see Gary King's study)

Netizens: They are already some [...] Read more

Guest lecture at the University of Michigan

On March 14, 2014, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

I will be giving a guest lecture at the University of Michigan on Monday March 17th, at the invitation of Doctor Muzammil Hussain, assistant professor at UMich's Department of Communication Studies. I will deliver the lecture in his class "Comparative Digital Politics", which explores several important ways in which digital media and Internet infrastructure are shaping and constraining citizen participation and social organizing in developing and emerging countries. I will introduce the Internet governance in China (with an emphasis on the censorship system), as well as the Internet activism. Hopefully the case of China could contribute to the understanding of Internet infrastructure and citizen participation in the comparative context.

I translated a chapter from a book on digital media in Arab Spring co-authored by Professor Philip N. Howard and Hussain, you can download [...] Read more

Hello, New Semester!

On January 20, 2014, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

Thanks to Martin Luther King Jr., we are not only encouraged to dream, but also given a holiday before the new semester begins. :)

This coming spring semester is my second semester in UW-Madison, and is as exciting as the first one, for I will start teaching in just a few days. I am one of the TAs for Journalism 201: Introduction to Mass Communication, which has 400 students from different majors. I will be teaching two sections of 18 students each. I can’t wait to see who are my students and to discuss and share ideas on media with them.

Another fact that makes this course really exciting is that Professor Molly Wright Steenson is the instructor for J201 this year. In just a few sentences, you will understand why I say this: Molly will soon get her PhD in architecture from Princeton; she started working with the Web in 1994 and built some very first websites ever; she is also a design [...] Read more

An Internet For All and By All

On November 21, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

When I was invited to participate in the 2nd annual Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) which was held in Sweden in May 2013, I was expecting debates on government regulation and criticisms of China's "Great Firewall" since the forum highlighted "freedom and openness on the Internet" in its mission statement. After the two-day sessions, however, I realized that my mind was too "China-centric" and that Internet freedom means much more than against censorship.

One major topic of the SIF, which consists of about 400 participants from more than 90 countries, is the low Internet penetration and high cost in many low-income countries. As a Chinese netizen who pays $15 per month for the Internet, I was quite astonished to learn that it costs a doctor’s half-month salary to spend 30 minutes in a cyber Cafe in Cuba and only 3% of Cubans have access to internet. A participant from Mozambique said [...] Read more

Understand the Diversity of Chinese Media and Journalists

On November 1, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

On October 23rd, the Guangdong-based newspaper New Express filled its front page with a big headline “Please Release Him”. “Him” refers to one of its journalists Chen Yongzhou, who was taken away by police after he wrote a dozen articles about a state-owned construction equipment company Zoomlion. The next day, the newspaper published another plea for the release of Chen on its front page. It’s rare for a Chinese newspaper to openly call twice for the protection of its staff journalist and question the police. Many Chinese journalists expressed support for New Express and underscored that journalists' legal rights should be protected and police must follow legal procedure.

Two days later, however, there was a dramatic turn in this case. The detained journalist Chen made “public confession” on state broadcaster CCTV, saying that he wrote false stories for money. Chen said [...] Read more

From “Angrily Denounce” to “Be Gravely Hurt”

On August 6, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments


As China continues to expand its role in the international community, its diplomatese stays mechanical. Many people notice that “hurt the feelings of the Chinese people” becomes a phrase the Chinese government chooses for nearly every statement when dealing with international disagreement. For example, after French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s meeting with the Dalai Lama on December 6th, 2008, Deputy Foreign Minister He Yafei said, “The meeting grossly interfered in China’s internal affairs, severely undermined China’s core interests, gravely hurt the feelings of the Chinese people and damaged the political basis of China-France and China-EU relations.”[1]

This kind of expression has deeply influenced the thought and expression of ordinary Chinese people. They are using it frequently, no matter genuine [...] Read more

Chang’e II VS Xinwen Lianbo

On August 6, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

When China’s second unmanned lunar probe, Chang’e II, was scheduled to blast off at 18:59:57 on October 1st 2010, 3 seconds before CCP mouthpiece CCTV’sXinwen Lianbo began, the biggest highlight of this launch emerged — how would CCTV deal with the time conflict between the live broadcast of Chang’e's flying to the moon and the 30-minute news program on the evening of National Day?

This problem doesn’t exist in most countries in the world, for the answer is awfully easy: the live broadcast of launching is definitely more important, so the regular news program has to be delayed until the rocket is flying in the air. For TV stations in these countries, to ask this question is just like to ask a patient in critical condition: “Would you like the oxygen treatment, or to have some cookies first?”

But in China, this became a Gordian knot. The key reason is that the relationship [...] Read more

Chinese Mothers are Forced to be Tiger Moms

On August 5, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

THE Chinese-style strict parenting is the consequence of our education system, employment system and social security system.  Becoming “Tiger Moms” is the only choice for Chinese mothers.
“Tiger Mom” Amy Chua is chanting her battle hymn in the U.S., criticizing that American mothers are too tolerant and permissive, but her book exerts great impact on Chinese mothers, making them feeling in a dilemma.

Hu Min, the mother of a five-year-old girl, recently read Amy Chua’s article online. She was impressed by “ten things not allowed” listed by Tiger Mom: no extra-curricular activities of their choice, not allowed to watch TV or play computer games, not allowed to be in a school play…. Hu was puzzled because she had read another book introducing the experience of parenting, which suggests children actively participate in campus and community activities. The book even says that [...] Read more

Gambling for a PhD Degree in China

On August 5, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

Just before graduation, PhD candidate Ye Ming got a phone call from the office of academic affairs, “you still have a core course to complete, otherwise you couldn't obtain your degree before meeting the graduation credit requirement.” Ye felt astonished as well as ridiculous, since the course he missed was called “Scientific Research Training”.

Just as its name implies, this course is the basic training designed for new candidates. But everyone forgot about it.

It seems like an ironic miniature of Ye’s PhD life.

Ye is pursuing his PhD degree of science in a prestigious university in China, supervised by a Changjiang Scholar. Years ago, Ye chose to be his student for his great reputation, but he regretted soon, “I hardly get any academic guidance but all depends on myself.”

The amount of PhD students graduated in China has increased dramatically by three times [...] Read more

Several facts about China’s higher education (2)

On August 4, 2013, by Kecheng Fang, 0 Comments

Originally referring to the candidate who was listed as coming in first in the Imperial Examinations, the Chinese title “Zhuang Yuan”(状元) is now often given to the top scorer of a province in the National Higher Education Entrance Examination.

As the biggest winners in the examination, they can choose the university and the major. It’s easy to understand that the top 2 universities – Peking University and TsingHua University enroll most of the top scorers. But what about the major? Do they want to study mathematics, or philosophy, or politics?

No. In fact, most of the most talented students selected by the examination enter business schools. See the following table.

(Translated from the research report by

So why? Because B-schools are in greater need of talents than other schools? Absolutely no. Because the top scorers happen to coincidentally be [...] Read more